Benefits and Sources of Omega 3 fatty acids

                                                  Omega 3 fatty acid or n-3 fatty acid is a polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) .There are Three types of omega 3 fatty acids Alpha Linolenic acid (ALA),Eicosapentaenoic acid(EPA), Docosahexaenoic acid(DHA). Omega 3 Fatty acid is very important for normal metabolism . Mammals can’t synthesized Omega 3 fatty acid in there body so, external  source is required through diet or in form of supplements.

Sources of Omega 3 fatty acid

Plant source                              Animal source

Edible seeds                                  Salmon
Flax seed oil                                  Beef
Soyabeans                                     Sardines
Tofu                                                Egg oil
Brussels sprout                               Fish oil
Cauliflower                                    Meat
Radish seeds sprouted                    Tuna
Alfalfa seeds
Hemp seeds

Role of omega 3 fatty acid in health benefits

There is lots of studies had been conducted on the role of omega 3 fatty acids in health benefits.Omega 3 fatty acids have been beneficial in reducing coronary heart disease, cardiovascular disease,prevent atrial fibrillation after coronary artery bypass surgery, peripheral arterial disease, Inflammation, Development disorder,attentional , behavioral ,emotional problems of children and adolescent, mental disorder, Cognitive aging, Atopic Disease,Psoriasis ,Improve macro and micro vascular function in type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, protect smokers against chronic obstructive pulmonary disease,rheumatoid arthritis, It is vitally important during pregnancy they are the critical blocks of fetal brain and retina.
Consuming Omega 3 fatty acids in diet or in supplementary form is helpful in reducing the depression and mania phase in bipolar disorder patients,decreases the severity of autoimmune disorder, lowering the blood pressure in dyslipidaemic patients,reduces the risk of pneumonia.

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Puja Gupta is a dietitian, Diabetic Educator. She has work experience of 5 years.She has worked on several research project with different companies Novo- Nordisk, Workthard ,BI, ELI Lilly as research co-ordinator.

Diabetic Educator from Indore(MP),Masters in Foods and Nutrition