Omega 3 fatty acid or n-3 fatty acid is a polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) .There are Three types of omega 3 fatty acids Alpha Linolenic acid (ALA),Eicosapentaenoic acid(EPA), Docosahexaenoic acid(DHA). Omega 3 Fatty acid is very important for normal metabolism . Mammals can’t synthesized Omega 3 fatty acid in there body so, external source is required through diet or in form of supplements.
Sources of Omega 3 fatty acid
Plant source Animal source
Edible seeds Salmon
Flax seed oil Beef
Tofu Egg oil
Brussels sprout Fish oil
Radish seeds sprouted Tuna
Role of omega 3 fatty acid in health benefits
There is lots of studies had been conducted on the role of omega 3 fatty acids in health benefits.Omega 3 fatty acids have been beneficial in reducing coronary heart disease, cardiovascular disease,prevent atrial fibrillation after coronary artery bypass surgery, peripheral arterial disease, Inflammation, Development disorder,attentional , behavioral ,emotional problems of children and adolescent, mental disorder, Cognitive aging, Atopic Disease,Psoriasis ,Improve macro and micro vascular function in type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, protect smokers against chronic obstructive pulmonary disease,rheumatoid arthritis, It is vitally important during pregnancy they are the critical blocks of fetal brain and retina.
Consuming Omega 3 fatty acids in diet or in supplementary form is helpful in reducing the depression and mania phase in bipolar disorder patients,decreases the severity of autoimmune disorder, lowering the blood pressure in dyslipidaemic patients,reduces the risk of pneumonia.